August 31, 2015
August 30, 2015
(About the company Cambridge Quantum Computing, owned by Grupo Arcano of Alberto Chang Rajii)
(QC=quantum computer or quantum computing)
“has built a proprietary operating system for Quantum Computers (t|ket>) and has a suite of quantum algorithms for applications and programmes in various stages of development.”
Let me mention here that Microsoft also has an “operating system” (OS) called LiquiD that simulates QCs on parallel computers.
The IQC of the Univ. of Waterloo Canada has their own OS called “Quipper”.
It would be totally amazing if Google, IBM and China/Alibaba weren’t each developing their own OS.
Of course, any software for D-Wave’s annealer QC has to use or be compatible with the D-Wave OS. I haven’t heard of any partnerships between CambridgeQC and D-Wave like the one the company 1Qbit has.
In fact, “operating systems” for QCs have a history spanning almost 2 decades. Here is a partial list compiled by Quantiki.
So what is so special about Ticket that makes it worth a $50M investment?
The CambridgeQC website has no screen shots, manuals, documentation, API or demo (and of course no source code) for Ticket. Not a single paper has been published in a journal or arXiv describing Ticket’s capabilities and usage. This is CambridgeQCs only product so far, and it is totally closed and secret.
My company artiste-qb.net already has 11 patents (5 granted, 6 pending) in QC software and would like very much to look at a Demo of Ticket to judge whether Ticket is infringing on our patents. (CambridgeQC does not mention in their website owning a single patent). Our patents are USA patents, so if CambridgeQC infringes on them and plans to do business in the USA or to get USA government funding, I believe they would be doing something illegal.
(English translation in next blog post)
(Sobre la empresa Cambridge Quantum Computing del Grupo Arcano de Alberto Chang Rajii)
(QC = ordenador cuántico o la computación cuántica)
“ha construido un sistema operativo propietario para las computadoras cuánticas (t | ket>) y tiene un conjunto de algoritmos cuánticos para aplicaciones y programas en diversas etapas de desarrollo.” (Traducción)
Permítanme mencionar aquí que Microsoft también tiene un “sistema operativo” (OS) llamado LiquiD que simula QCs usando computadoras convencionales paralelas.
El IQC de la Univ. de Waterloo en Canadá tiene su propio OS llamado “Quipper”.
Sería totalmente increíble si Google, IBM y China (Alibaba) no estuvieran cada uno desarrollando su propio OS.
Por supuesto, cualquier software para los ordenadores (annealers) de D-Wave tiene que usar o ser compatible con el OS de D-Wave. No he oído hablar de ningún pacto entre CambridgeQC y D-Wave como el que tiene la empresa 1Qbit.
De hecho, los “sistemas operativos” para QC tienen una historia que abarca casi 2 décadas. Aquí está una lista parcial de OS para QCs (compilada por Quantiki).
Entonces, ¿qué tiene de especial Ticket que lo hace que valga una inversión de 50 millones dólares?
El website de CambridgeQC no contiene screenshots, manuales, documentación, API o Demo (y por supuesto tampoco contiene código fuente) para Ticket. Ni un solo artículo ha sido publicado en una revista o arXiv que describa las capacidades y el uso de Ticket. A pesar de que Ticket es, hasta el momento, el único producto de CambridgeQCs, este es totalmente cerrado y secreto.
Mi empresa artiste-qb.net ya tiene 11 patentes (5 concedidas, 6 pendientes) de software de QC y nos gustaría mucho mirar un Demo de Ticket para juzgar si Ticket está infringiendo nuestras patentes. (CambridgeQC no menciona en su website ser propietaria de ninguna patente). Nuestras patentes son patentes de EE.UU., por lo que si CambridgeQC las esta infringiendo y tiene planes de hacer negocios en los EE.UU. o planes de obtener financiación del gobierno de EE.UU., creo que estaría haciendo algo ilegal.
August 28, 2015
Sobre el tema de Cambridge Quantum Computing y sus amigos chilenos (Grupo Arcano de Alberto Chang Rajii)
Ayer, recibí la mala noticia que los chilenos van a pagar 50 millones de dólares a los ingleses para que estos ataquen a mi querida empresa, artiste-qb.net. ¿Cómo puede una pequeña empresa como artiste-qb.net lidiar contra 50 millones de dólares en las manos de unos ingleses medio mentirosos? Deberíamos darnos por vencidos inmediatamente. Pero no lo haremos. ¡Lucharemos y venceremos! Yo nací y me crié en Puerto Rico, así que mi empresa es como un fuerte o castillo puertorriqueño. Los ingleses trataron una vez antes de derrotar un fuerte puertorriqueño y fracasaron ignominiosamente.
Sir Francis Drake (El Draque) fue uno de los héroes navales ingleses más famosos de la época isabelina. Al final de su vida, Drake trato de tomar el fuerte puertorriqueño-español llamado Castillo San Felipe del Morro, en la ciudad y la bahía de San Juan, Puerto Rico. Drake atacó a El Morro 3 veces y fue rechazado las 3 veces.
El 22 de noviembre de 1595, Drake y su segundo al mando, John Hawkins, hicieron su primer intento de invadir San Juan con 27 barcos y 2.500 hombres. Fracasaron.
Unos días más tarde, trataron de nuevo. En este segundo intento, los artilleros españoles dispararon una bala de cañón a través de la cabina de Drake. Drake sobrevivió el percance, pero John Hawkins murió.
Unos días más tarde, Drake intentó tomar El Morro una tercera vez, pero falló de nuevo. Esta vez se dio por vencido y huyó.
El Draque contrajo la disentería durante los 3 intentos infructuosos y murió de la misma a mediados de enero de 1596, mientras su barco estaba anclado en la costa de Portobelo, Panamá.
Así es que se puede decir que los puertorriqueños, cuando somos provocados, somos capaces de destruir toda una flotilla naval inglesa. Pues que traten de atacar de nuevo los malditos ingleses y sus amigos chilenos. Estamos preparados con nuestro ingenio y valor.
August 27, 2015
According to this news article, Chilean investor Alberto Chang Rajii has just invested a whopping $50M over 3 years in the startup company Cambridge Quantum Computing (that’s Cambridge UK, not Cambridge USA).
Here is a beautifully written Spanish article about Mr. Chang Rajii
I doubt the dude Alberto reads this blog. He has better stuff to read like Pablo Neruda, Isabelita Allende, etc. Nevertheless, my dog does read this blog, and I’ve taught him Spanish, so here is a message that will be read at least by my dog:
Mi empresa artiste-qb.net escribe software y patentes para los ordenadores cuánticos. Por tanto, estaremos en competencia con tu empresa Cambridge QC. Sin embargo, te doy la bienvenida a nuestro campo con los brazos abiertos y con toda sinceridad. Mi madre era latina y yo me crié en Puerto Rico así que siento un vínculo muy fuerte con todos los latino-americanos. Espero que tu ejemplo ayude a aumentar el interés, el amor, y la pasión por la computación cuántica en toda la América Latina.
August 20, 2015
In the book trilogy The Lord of the Rings (LOTR), a Palantir (plural Palantiri) is a “seeing stone” (similar to a divining crystal ball) that can be used to communicate from itself to another seeing stone. It can also be used to see what is happening far away. But all this comes at a price: a Palantir can sometimes harm and corrupt its users.
The first palantiri looked like this.
They had very few features (just a circle and a vee, very plain if you ask me). Furthermore, they were not very powerful. With them, you might be able to see across 15 miles in good weather, or through 3 medium-thick stone walls, at most. Not ideal for Sauron and Aragorn to communicate. If you are an old geezer, and you still insist in buying one of these older palantir models, you can find them here.
By now, most creatures in Middle Earth have traded their old palantir for a smart model, a quantum Palantir or qPalantir for short. A qPalantir looks like this (the dragon fly model)
and it contains inside a quantum computer that can do teleportation, etc. Now that’s a Palantir!
A brief note to remind myself that yesterday, after many, many false starts, I finally succeed with my Young diagram algorithm. I checked it with Maxima (a symbolic manipulation program) for numerous cases, so I’m pretty sure that I haven’t made any mistakes. It’s a very general algorithm too. Hurray! I can’t say any more about it here because if I did, the idea would surely be stolen. Next I will write a patent and paper for it. One more arrow in my company’s patent quiver.
This past week, my cofounder H.D. and I updated the pitch deck for our Canadian company artiste-qb.net. I’m very pleased with our new pitch deck. Startups have to be pitching all the time. We are planning to pitch to some rich Chinese investors next. The recent news that Alibaba is investing in quantum computing seems to indicate that China is very interested in QC and awash with cash right now.
August 18, 2015
What used to be called “strongly correlated quantum (many body) systems” has in the past decade been rebranded to “quantum matter”, a term that reminds me of the terms “black coal” or “canine dog”. The term “quantum matter” is so new that it still doesn’t have a Wikipedia entry.
In 1951, John C. Slater (inventor of “Slater determinants”) published a famous book called
In 2015, a brilliant advance in the physics of word ordering has replaced that brand by
“The Theory of Quantum Matter”.
Nowadays, “The Theory of Quantum Matter” is quite the craze, and we now have Istituti of academics dedicated entirely to “Quantum Matter” as, for instance, the CTQM (Center for Theory of Quantum Matter) at the Univ of Colorado, Boulder.
“The Theory of Quantum Matter” promises to unify Matter and Information by unifying Quantum Information, String Theory and Condensed Matter Physics. Poor Ed Witten must be shaking in his boots (either from fear or laughter).
Recently, a group of Caltech students published in arXiv a preliminary version of their book entitled “Quantum Information Meets Quantum Matter” They described their book in a recent post in the blog Quantum Frontiers.
By the way, the blogs “Quantum Frontiers”, by Caltech, and “Shetl Optimized” by Scott Aaronson, are purportedly about quantum computation (QC) and quantum information (QI). In their blogrolls, they link to many blogs that have nothing to do with those topics and link to nearly inactive blogs like Quantum Pontiff, but they would never stoop down to link to this my 7 year old blog that is quite active and is dedicated exclusively to QI and QC. Just another example of the dirty tactics used by vain academics to crush the spirit of anybody whom they perceive as a threat to their divine royal rights.
An interesting aspect, at least to me, of the study of “quantum matter” is that it uses CMI (pronounced “see me”, Conditional Mutual Information) to study quantum entanglement in strongly correlated quantum systems. Let me make two simple points about CMI
(1)In general, CMI measures a mixture of both quantum correlations (aka, entanglement) and classical correlations (between two parties).
(2)If one takes a special limit of CMI, one obtains a quantity that measures quantum correlations exclusively. This quantity is now called squashed entanglement.
It turns out that I was the first person to point out that there is a connection between CMI and quantum entanglement and also the first person to define squashed entanglement. You can fact check this assertion from the references of the Wikipedia article on squashed entanglement. I did it all thanks to deep insights that I gained from the study of classical and quantum Bayesian Networks. People that use tensor networks instead of quantum Bayesian networks converged on squashed entanglement several years after I did, after looking at my papers. That is one of the many reasons why I believe that quantum Bayesian networks are better than tensor networks for doing quantum information theory. The software company artiste-qb.net that I work for is heavily involved in classical and quantum Bayesian Networks.
quantum bayesian networks: rikki-tikki-tavi the mongoose
quantum tensor networks: drunken cobra
August 15, 2015
Yesterday, I wasted a few hours of my life watching YouTube videos. That damn YouTube is more addictive than crack cocaine. At the end of that YouTube binge, I realized that I needed to make my own Hitler parody (there are thousands of them on YouTube) or else I would die. Luckily, there are ample directions on the internet on how to make one. The idea is to add funny, profane English subtitles to a scene from the German movie The Downfall. I chose the scene where Hitler is notified that Fegelein has deserted.
This Hitler parody is dedicated to all Many Worlds advocates, especially to Sean Carroll, Max Tegmark and David Deutsch. I apologize for the profanity, but it’s Hitler speaking, not me.
P.S. Sorry, I mispelled deterministic. Determinsitic sounds like a portmanteau of deterministic and parasitic.
August 13, 2015
Good pitch for a movie (or for a reality TV show?)
Seconds after we hit The Singularity in 2039, the governments of all nations issued a general edict that all quantum AI’s had to obey Isaac Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics. But then, a few months after The Singularity, an antisocial MIT student added to the code of his quantum computer AI an extra clause at the end of the first law: “unless that human be a Muslim”.
Ray Kurzweil, prophet of doom and gloom? http://www.kurzweilai.net
August 12, 2015
Recently, Lubos Motl wrote a blog post lamenting bad science reporting. IMHO, science journalists sometimes do a decent job, but 90% of the time they don’t. Some types of quantum computing articles that irk me:
Clueless Article: The journalist has no science degree, just a BA in art history or something like that, and yet he writes an article about a highly technical scientific subject like string theory. Often, he doesn’t ask any expert in the subject to proof-read his article, or, if he does, he ignores the advice.
Outright Wrong Article: The article praises a scientific paper that is completely wrong.
Hagiography: Article makes no attempt to explain any physics. Instead, the article describes a physicist who is supposedly the smartest person in the world, and who is exceptionally talented not only at physics, but at everything else too. No mention is made of the fact that said physicist is very selfish and narcissistic. The profession of physicist is not exactly an altrustic profession. Personally, I admire much more a medical doctor or nurse treating Ebola patients in Africa.
Cookie Cutter Article: The article follows a standard formula. One de rigueur paragraph explains the difference between a bit and a qubit. Also de rigueur is a quote by an MIT or Caltech colleague of Smith, saying how Smith’s brilliant paper was “a bolt from the blue”, and caught everyone by surprise.
Pseudo Authority Article: The journalist first learned about the subject of the article a few days ago, but he is absolutely certain that he already understands the subject better than people who have spent decades studying it.
Parroting Lies Article: The article simply parrots a dishonest press release by a University.
Snake Oil Advertisement Article: The article praises effusively an idea or technology (like quantum cryptography) without ever mentioning any of its numerous drawbacks.
Biased, One Sided, Favoritism Article: Article only mentions one person’s views or work. It omits to mention closely related and equally laudable work by others.
P.S. One pop-sci article format that often pleases me is the Q&A format: asking a scientist some good questions. This format is somewhat limited in scope, so there is a need for other formats, but I find it very entertaining—perhaps because I strongly believe in the value of allowing a person to hoist himself by his own petard 🙂
August 6, 2015
I believe that the future of computers is quantum. Maybe not the whole future of computers, but a fascinating and important part of it.
I also believe that the future of quantum physics is quantum computers, because QCs will test quantum mechanics by stretching it to its breaking point. Quantum Mechanics is now almost a century old, and it has explained for us, quantitatively, thousands of phenomena. QCs will bring quantum mechanics to the masses like ham radio brought electronics and PCs brought computer programming to the masses.
QCs are a new physics frontier, a new West, and it’s a frontier that promises a wondrous device at the end of the journey, unlike, for example, string theory, which doesn’t promise any new tabletop devices. (However, connections between quantum computation and its offshoot, quantum information theory, on the one hand, and string theory on the other, have been and continue to be discovered.)
The following phrase became popular in the USA in the mid 1800’s: “Go West young man, and grow up with the country”
Nowadays, that great advice might be updated to: “Go Quantum, Young Person”
(notice that the shadows in this photo indicate that the astronaut is traveling towards the West):
The following YouTube Video shows a famous scene from the 1967 film “The Graduate”. In the scene, a shockingly young Dustin Hoffman, freshly graduated from college, is given the following advise by a much older man, “One word…Plastics.”
Nowadays, that old man should instead be saying “One word…Quantum”
(Or else, “One URL…no, not twitter.com or facebook.com, you little twerp, how about “www.artiste-qb.net”)
(Homer Simpson: Hmm?, Why you little…)
August 4, 2015
“Russian computer scientist fired from Dutch university for spying” by Martin Enserink ( Science AAAS, July 29, 2015)
A Russian computer scientist was fired from his job at a university in the Netherlands last year after Dutch intelligence officers warned he was spying for his home country. Ivan Agafonov, a postdoc at the Eindhoven University of Technology (TUE) who was working on quantum computing, lost his work visa around the same time and left the Netherlands.
What I would like to know is: Why was an employee at a
- university lab
(not a government or industrial lab) being monitored by German and Dutch spy agencies? If a Russian postdoc working at a Dutch university lab communicates scientific facts acquired at that lab to another Russian scientist, is that considered a crime (“endangering national security”) in the Netherlands?
August 3, 2015
Aliyun and Chinese Academy of Sciences Sign MoU for Quantum Computing Laboratory (press release, Market Watch, July 3, 2015)
Aliyun, Alibaba Group’s (BABA, -2.03%) cloud computing subsidiary, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) today announced that they have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in Shanghai to co-found the Chinese Academy of Sciences – Alibaba Quantum Computing Laboratory (the Laboratory).
American Government’s official response to this news:
“The USA considers China’s recent quantum computing activities to be extremely unhelpful. The US State Dept. has decided to make a proportionate response to those activities. We are hereby ordering all of MIT’s top computer scientists to point their prodigious cannons at China. Here is a photo to show that we are serious”.
While on the subject of cannons, let me mention that MIT is a loose cannon itself. A few days after this photo was taken, MIT started negotiations with Alibaba to ship a dozen or more of MIT’s brightest grad students to China, where they will be offered permanent jobs with typical starting salaries of $300K/yr (Google salaries for engineers start typically at $200K/yr, but it’s easier to convince someone to live in balmy San Fran than polluted Beijing).(*)
In case you didn’t know, Alibaba is China’s version of Amazon.com/eBay/PayPal combined, except (3 billion people/ 300 million people)= 10 times bigger.
In the short term (first year or so), I don’t think this news poses much of a threat to American QC supremacy/hegemony. However, I am sure that the American defense establishment considers Alibaba’s investment in QC a very serious “national security threat” in the long term. Why? Because all companies in China, especially the biggest ones, are ultimately under tight state control. The Chinese government might like to promulgate the fantasy that Alibaba is Jack Ma’s company and that Jack Ma is worth upwards of $30 billion, but we know better. I don’t doubt that the guy is fabulously wealthy, but I suspect that the truth is that Alibaba is just a front for the Chinese government, and this news means that the Chinese government has now given carte blanche to its QC scientists. I expect that they will soon go on a hiring binge, hiring all foreign QC scientists whom they can convince to move to China, and, of course, hiring a large number of Chinese scientists too.
If they are smart, they will try to create semi-autonomous QC research hubs in multiple locations, including some in foreign countries. Moving everyone to a single location, and organizing their social structure as a monarchy, with a king for life, like Lazaridis has done at Waterloo, Canada, has been shown not to work very well. Indeed, a leading authority in the QC field recently awarded Lazaridis’ QC institute a grade of F in QC hardware development.
Which reminds me, I work for a QC software company headquartered in Toronto, Canada, called Artiste QB net Inc.. We have tons of software and 11 QC software patents. Our US patents do not apply in China, but if Alibaba wants to eventually do QC commerce in America, it might find access to our ever expanding portfolio of software patents very useful. We need all the investors we can get. As an added bonus, our company’s name starts with the letter A (this means it’s a lucky name, just like Alibaba and Aliyun).
A plug for my Russian friends: If I were a QC job recruiter working for Alibaba, before hiring American scientists, I would first consider hiring Russian scientists. Due to the currently depressed oil prices and Ukraine-related sanctions on Russia, many Russians are strapped for cash right now. Russian scientists, which are among the best in the world, are probably more abundant, cheaper to hire, and more willing to relocate to China than their American counterparts.
(*)Just kidding. MIT would never in a million years consider doing something so downright unpatriotic as that!